What is a Liquid Asset? Meaning, Examples, Overview

What is a Liquid Asset-Meaning-Definition-What are Liquid Assets Examples

“Liquid assets” are assets that can be turned into cash quickly and without losing value. Always keep some cash on hand for living expenses and emergencies. A liquid asset is an essential component of a well-balanced financial portfolio, providing flexibility and quick access to cash when needed.

Consider liquidity as a range: Some assets can be sold more quickly than others. Some assets, on the other hand, are difficult to value and sell for cash. It is critical to have enough money to cover basic necessities and deal with problems when they arise. Cash and liquidity are not given away for free.

What is Liquid Asset?

You can sell a liquid asset for cash quickly, easily, and safely. In other words, people call assets that maintain their value when sold “cash.” An established market with a large number of buyers must also trade a liquid asset. It’s considerably better if you can transfer ownership quickly.

Cash and cash equivalents are simple assets to obtain. A “Cash Equivalent” investment pays up in fewer than 90 days. You can quickly convert stocks, marketable securities, money market instruments, and bonds into cash.

Overview of Liquid Assets

A liquid asset is either cash or an asset that can be converted to cash quickly, such as stocks or bonds. Because cash is the only legal tender, it is the best means to obtain funds. It functions similarly to currency in that the asset owner may easily swap it for cash.

A liquid asset has a variety of qualities. It requires an established market with a sufficient number of interested clients for it to work. Furthermore, ownership transfer must be secure and simple. The amount of time it takes to convert money varies.

Examples of Liquid Assets

You can also look at what is ledger balance for informative purpose. They’ll be cash in a few days. Liquid assets can undergo a quick conversion into cash. The term “assets” signifies valuable objects that one can sell. Not all assets can be promptly or profitably sold. Examples of common liquid assets include:


Some investors purchase bonds and hold them until they mature. The secondary bond market is so broad that individuals can acquire and sell many bonds in a short period of time. People can sell bonds for a lower price than what they originally purchased them for.


Equities are considered liquid because you can sell them quickly on stock exchanges. Typically, you will receive payment within a few days of finalizing a sale. A security, such as stock, might be sold for less than its original purchase price.


Cash is the most liquid kind of money. ATMs and real money are also available. Bank transfers and peer-to-peer payment apps are both possibilities.

Certificates of Deposits

Withdrawing funds from a CD is more complicated than withdrawing funds from a checking or savings account. You may be required to pay an early withdrawal penalty, which is typically a few months’ interest. As a result, recipients of free CDs have lower yearly percentage yields.

T-bills and T-bonds

They are safe, liquid assets backed by the full confidence and credit of the United States government. This suggests that you can quickly sell them for cash on the secondary market if you need the money immediately.

Investing in ETFs

ETFs (Electronic Traded Funds) are investment funds that trade on the open market like stocks. Do you require funds immediately? It is possible that you will have to sell your ETFs at a loss. ETFs are more secure than stocks and bonds. The majority of the time, you’ll get paid immediately.

Investing in a Mutual Fund

Mutual funds trade once a day, after the market closes, to help you spread your money around. As a result, they are not as liquid as stocks or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). A sale is normally paid the following business day.

Money Market Funds

Money market funds invest solely in liquid assets such as cash, CDs, and government-backed debt. Because its constituents are liquid, their value remains constant. Most people, like mutual funds, receive their money the following business day.

Precious / Valuable Metals

Water does not dissolve precious metals. Depending on your location, you can use certain gold and silver coins as cash. Dealers can also exchange physical precious metals for cash. When you store precious metals, they might become less accessible.


Let us answer some of the FAQ questions for your better understanding.

What does Liquid Net Worth Mean?

This is the amount of money you would receive if you sold all of your assets. You must pay off debts before selling assets. It is important to note that liquid net worth comprises only assets that you can sell, and these are crucial considerations. You can quickly convert these assets to cash in an emergency, and liquid net worth measures the security of your money. Highly liquid investments, such as stocks and bonds, can be converted to cash in three days or less.

Is a Bank Account a Liquid Asset?

Liquefiable assets have cash or other assets that can be quickly transformed into cash. You can withdraw a liquid asset at any time. Money in a bank account is cash that you can immediately use, making it the most liquid form.

Certain bank accounts, however, have withdrawal limits. Some fixed and recurring deposits, for example, do not permit early withdrawals to meet liquidity needs. Premature withdrawals may result in penalties. You should maintain your money in easily accessible accounts. A bank savings account is equivalent to having money in your pocket. Savings accounts can assist consumers in paying for unexpected expenses or challenges.

What are Liquid and Non-liquid Markets?

People and businesses must deal with both liquid and illiquid markets. Other variables influence market liquidity. The ultimate goal of liquidity, for example, is cash, but other elements also play a role.

Reduce or raise the item’s market price without first obtaining clearance from the manufacturer. Because of the vast number of buyers and sellers, the stock market is liquid, making it easier to sell stocks for cash.

Because stocks are entirely convertible, they are simple to sell on the internet. This increases the liquidity of publicly traded stocks. However, the liquidity of each asset fluctuates according to its market capitalization and daily share volume.

It is difficult for one person to influence the exchange rate due to the daily trillion dollar turnover. Loans and secondary market products are both liquid.

Liquid Assets in Balance Sheet

Accounting organises assets based on their current and future value using a “hierarchical framework.” It’s called “liquidity.” Current assets are assets that you can convert into cash in less than a year. The amount of time required to convert current assets varies. Cash is the most liquid asset because you can use it right away.

Lawful money is cash that one can use to pay off debts. Cash equivalents and marketable securities are investments that one can easily convert to cash, often through open market transactions. Accounts receivable and inventories are examples of current assets.

Assets become less marketable as a result of their balance-sheet condition. As a result, long-term balance-sheet assets are difficult to sell. You should liquidate these assets within a year, if not sooner. Land, real estate assets, equipment, and machinery may take a long time to turn into cash or may never turn into cash at all. These are all examples of “non-liquid assets.”

Analysis of Liquid Assets

Both internal and external reporting rely heavily on liquid assets. Liquid assets allow a company to pay its debts more quickly. Businesses must know how much cash they have on hand to meet payments and other obligations. To ensure compliance, various organisations, like banking, demand cash and cash equivalents.

Analysts evaluate a company’s liquidity using “solvency ratios.” Many people use the current and rapid ratios. The quick ratio assesses a company’s ability to pay down current debts with only its most liquid assets. The fast ratio and count include receivables.


Finally, liquid assets are essential to the financial stability of individuals, companies, and entire nations. Cash, marketable securities, and investments with few conversion barriers are examples of resources that provide the adaptability and accessibility required to meet immediate financial obligations and take advantage of opportunities. Asset liquidity has a significant impact on an entity’s capacity to manage risk and maintain its financial stability.

Although liquid assets provide a safety net, it is crucial to maintain equilibrium. Too many liquid assets in a portfolio can lead to missed investment opportunities and poor performance. A lack of liquidity, on the other hand, can result in financial strain and the inability to carry out obligations. To stay updated with the latest insights on bond market, read regularly.

Scroll to Top