What is Money Market? Examples, Importance, Objectives, Features

Money Market-Meaning-What is Money Market-Examples of Money Market Instruments-Purpose-Importance of the Money Market Objectives Characteristics Features of Money Market

Interest rates and short-term debt are tradable on the money markets. This article defines and describes what is money market with examples, purpose, features, characteristics and objectives of money market instruments.

In addition, the Federal Reserve establishes interest rates on some money marketable products. The risk in the money related securities is lower. The majority of instruments are due within a year.

What is Money Market?

The money market is where short-term debt is traded. Wholesalers and dealers trade frequently. Moreover, money market mutual funds and bank accounts comprise it. In each situation, the money market is secure and provides low returns.

A money market is a financial market that deals in short-term, cash-convertible assets. Bills and securities are readily available. Bill trading allows participants to meet their short-term financial needs. So, this market is typically attended by banks, institutional investors, and individual investors.


The global economy relies heavily on the money market. Overnight bank and government money swaps are involved. Banks and corporations are involved in the majority of these transactions.

Banks that lend money to each other and to major firms in the eurocurrency and time deposit markets, companies that raise money by selling commercial paper, and individuals who buy bank CDs as a short-term safe home for their money are all participants. Some wholesale transactions result in the creation of money funds and other consumer assets.

Examples of Money Market Instruments?

T-bills, CDs, commercial paper, repos, and mutual funds that invest in them are examples of money market securities. Each MMF share costs one dollar.

T-bills are a type of money market investment. This instrument has brief payback periods. Although, the instrument issued by the Indian government has a 14-to-364-day discount. The government aims to introduce new goods to investors. These government bonds are also available in 14-, 28-, 91-, and 364-day Treasury bills.

What are Money Market Funds?

MMMFs are open-ended mutual funds having a large amount of cash on hand that are used for short-term cash needs. Moreover, money market funds invest in cash and cash-like assets that have a one-year maturity and pay a fixed dividend. Treasury bills, commercial paper, CDs, and bills of exchange are all purchased by fund managers.

Importance of Money Markets

Importance of money market agreements are just for a limited time. So, it keeps the market liquid. Modern finance must function properly.

  • It keeps the market’s supply and demand balanced for six to twelve months. It also promotes the expansion of corporate funds, which in turn promotes economic growth.
  • It carries out monetary policy. It stimulates trade and business. Working capital is provided by money marketable instruments.
  • It benefits both domestic and global industry. Short-term interest rates have an impact on long-term interest rates.
  • The money marketable securities sets interest rates in order to pool funds. It simplifies banking. It informs banks about the amount of cash and liquid money they require.
  • It invests additional funds in short-term assets in order to keep the money supply stable. The current money market condition is the result of previous monetary policy.
  • It directs new short-term monetary policy. Treasury bills are used to fund the government in the near term.
  • If the government creates or borrows more money to fund initiatives, inflation will ensue. It also regulates inflation.

Objectives of Money Market

It is a place where you may purchase and sell cash-like assets. Money market objectives:

Short-term loans to investors, governments, and so on. Because money marketable products are short-term, liquidity benefits lenders. It assists lenders in investing idle capital. Borrower and lender both benefit.

The Central bank is in charge of the financial industry. Because the majority of enterprises lack working capital, this improves the economy’s liquidity.

It assists businesses in meeting their working cash requirements. Moreover, it provides funding for national and international government trade. This enables banks to invest additional funds.

Purpose of the Money Market

These short-term loans are require by governments, corporations, and banks to meet short-term obligations or regulatory requirements. Let us look at the purpose money market and its significance.

On the other hand, the central bank regulates liquidity through these instruments. It meets short-term government and economic goals. Any company or group can borrow money for a limited time.

This allows customers to invest more money for a higher return. Although, it distributes funds to investors and facilitates their movement between industries. Money-management advice. Prior money management results in the money markets. It also assists policymakers in managing the short-term money supply.

Features of Money Market

Short-term loan solutions that are safe and liquid. As a result, they are commonly regard as cash substitutes that can be quickly convertible. Let’s talk about the features of money market.

A market assortment. Its main characteristic is liquidity. Call money, notice money, and so on are all interconnected. This facilitates money transactions.

Many different assets are tradable. This assists borrowers with short-term needs. It also holds true for short-term investments. Changing. New instruments may be developed.

Characteristics of Money Market Instruments

A CD or Treasury bill will not cost you much money. Several funds lost money during a period of major financial difficulty, although the situation was quickly resolved. Let’s look at several characteristics of money market instruments.

It is a market for short-term financial requirements like working capital. So, the key actors include the RBI, commercial banks, and the LIC. It is dominate by Treasury bills, commercial papers, CDs, and call money. Because it is made up of short-term instruments, it is liquid. Money market instruments offer fixed returns.

Who Uses the Money Securities?

Commercial paper is a common type of wholesale lending. It has maturities ranging from the following day to 270 days, and its interest rates are higher than those of bank time deposits or Treasury notes. Commercial paper has a higher default risk than bank or government assets.

Fund of money markets, short-term CDs, municipal notes, and US Treasury bills are all examples of money market investments. Individual investors can exchange funds through local banks and treasury. Another alternative is to invest through a broker.

US Treasury bills with maturities ranging from a few days to a year are sold. Primary dealers purchase them directly from the government in order to trade or sell them to investors. Individual investors can purchase these securities through treasury, as well as through a bank or broker. Short-term notes are issue by local, county, and state governments.

Money market funds strive to never lose money and to maintain their NAV constant at $1. The slogan “break the buck” was inspire by this one-dollar NAV baseline. Investors lose money if the value falls below $1 NAV. Because many money market funds are not insure, they can lose money.

Factors to Determine Interest Rates

The current interest rate is decided by how much short-term money is required and accessible. A budgetary deficit occurs when the government spends more than it earns. To pay the deficit, the government must borrow, which influences interest rates. If the budget deficit worsens, the government will need more money. This causes interest rates to rise.

These investments are risk-free, hence their interest rates are low, as is normal for risk-free investments. They will not provide you with as much cash gain or investment growth as bonds or stocks. Some account of money markets, such as CDs, can keep your money locked up for a few months to a few years.

Money Markets vs. Capital Markets

Debts in the money related securities are bought and sold. The majority of governments and corporations use it to keep cash flowing while investors profit.

On the capital market, long-term debt and shares are tradable. Stock and bond markets are examples of capital markets. Companies issue stock to raise funds for long-term operations, despite the fact that it is simple to purchase and sell. A stock’s value can vary, but unlike these securities, it does not expire (unless, of course, the company itself ceases to operate).


Money market goods are not risk-free, but they do pose little risks. Reasonable. Even if a borrower has an outstanding track record or credit score, they may fail to return a loan. Check credit ratings before investing or trading. For more insights on preference shares topic from a variety of perspectives, read this collection of essays.

Scroll to Top