What is Common Markets? Examples and Advantages

Common Markets-What is a Common Market Examples Advantages Disadvantages of Common Markets

A single market is an economic integration that removes trade obstacles and standardises external tariffs. It is an advanced stage of economic integration before the Economic Union. A common markets is an agreement among countries to apply the same tariff to imported goods.

From 1957 to 1993, the Common Market existed. It was established to assist members in cooperating economically and removing trade barriers. Instead, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, West Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom founded the Common Market.

What is Common Market?

A common market is an agreement among countries to apply the same tariff to imported goods. Trade, labour, and capital all circulate freely in a common market. The trade agreement is intended to benefit all common market participants.

On the other hand, a common market has a common external tariff and may allow countries to collaborate economically and move workers. The common market is essentially a customs union with movable manufacturing features (labour, capital, and technology). There are also no restrictions on immigration or cross-border investment. Include economics.


All countries that participate gain from unified markets. First, member countries can freely trade with one another. As business expands, competition increases, lowering consumer prices.

People and money can freely move between common market countries. This makes shifting resources easier, which enhances economic growth. Although, a unified market stimulates member countries’ political and economic cooperation. So, this has the potential to increase global problem solutions and stability.

A “common market” is a local grocery store that specialises in fresh, nutritious foods. Their deli serves up nutritious, tasty grab-and-go options. Common Market sells nutritious, locally grown products.

Consider your market position before seeking assistance. If you’re close to Common Market, they can assist you. Common Market wishes for its target audience to be able to readily connect with it. To function, the Common Market requires unfettered access to goods and people.

Examples of a Common Market

The European Union’s Common Market intends to increase the mobility of goods, capital, services, and labour. The EEC of 1958 is an example. The EU designed it to increase the mobility of commodities, money, services, and people.

Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands created the EEC. 22 individuals then followed. They created an economic union with 27 other countries in 1993. Britain will leave the EU in 2020.
Moreover, the 19 EU countries established monetary union and accepted the Euro as their unified currency in 2002. To assure unified monetary and economic policy, they established the European Central Bank and the European Commission.

Another Common Market Example

Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda are members of the East African Community (EAC) Common Market. The EAC was established in 1967. Following that, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Sudan joined. The EAC has a CET and is constructing a Common Market.

Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe (SADC) share the market of the Southern African Development Community. In addition, SADC associate members include Comoros, Congo, DRC, Djibouti, Kenya, Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. SADC has a Common External Tariff and is working to establish a Common Market.

Advantages of the Common Market

The single market has several advantages. Productivity increases when all production components can easily flow throughout member states.

People, Products, Services, and Money have all been Liberated

The benefits of the single market include unrestricted movement of people, goods, services, and money, as well as no tariffs between member countries. Because manufacturing factors can freely cross borders, a common market is referred to as a “single market.”


A unified market boosts efficiency. Economic growth is boosted by more efficient production. Low-production firms will collapse as the market becomes more efficient owing to rising competition. To compete in a competitive environment, successful organisations have economies of scale, higher earnings, and more inventive ideas.

Eu Expenses

Additionally, the single market reduces the cost of goods, increases the efficiency of providers, and provides consumers with more options. Businesses that compete will create and market new items, which will benefit customers.

Less Competitive Countries May Suffer

There are certain disadvantages to a shared market. Moreover, businesses that get government assistance may struggle in a competitive market. So, moving production overseas may slow economic growth and lose more jobs.


Trade is diverted as good non-members quit the common market. Wages may fall if a country has more production factors than jobs.


The EU is expanding. The absence of trade obstacles prevents unfair competition on member markets. A wider market equals more economies of scale, which means cheaper overall costs.

We refer to a free-trade zone with uniform tariffs and trade laws as a common market. Common markets allow goods, services, capital, and people to move freely between member countries. There are common marketplaces all around the world. Moreover, common markets include COMESA, ASEAN, NAFTA, MERCOSUR, the GCC, the EAC, and SADC.

Common markets have advantages such as faster economic growth and increased investment, yet disadvantages such as monopolies exist. Shared marketplaces facilitate regional collaboration and integration. Read beyond the accounting to continue your education.

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