Types of GIC – Meaning, Difference Between, How it Works

Types of GIC-Different Types of Guaranteed Investment Certificate-What are the types of GIC

GICs can help you save and invest. We explore types, how they function, risks (yes, even “safe” investments have hazards), and how to use them. Safer than sorry is a phrase. Guaranteed investment certificates (GICs) could be a fantastic supplement to your financial strategy because they keep your money and pay a fixed interest rate. Here’s how to incorporate different types of GIC in your plan.

Recently, we’ve written a lot about GICs (Guaranteed Investment Certificates). Last night before sleeping, I pondered about GICs. After that, I thought, This is an odd concept. Let’s make it difficult for me to sleep tonight by discussing the different varieties of GICs. Numbers? How do gics and term deposits differ?

What are GICs?

GICs are like loans, but you give the bank money and get interest back. When you buy a GIC, you know exactly how much you’ll earn on the “loan”. GICs are a safe investment because buyers are guarantee their money plus interest.

GICs are savings accounts. Like a bank account with interest. But there’s more. GICs frequently outperform bank accounts. You can’t access GIC funds till the agreed-upon time is up. You can get your money, but it may be pricey.

Some banks name them GICs, others term deposits, but they’re the same product. Some banks may make arbitrary differences based on term duration. Core commodities are similar. GICs will be shorthand.

How about now? First, we covered GICs and why you shouldn’t bury cash. We categorize GIC ownership types. We compared GICs in the client’s name and nominee’s name. Also, it demonstrated how enticing GICs are for new and experienced investors. They’re boring, but that’s the point! We addressed issuers, GIC financial networks, and why deposit businesses should engage with brokers and agents.

How Does GIC work?

Gics are Safe. They have two safety precautions. First, GIC-issuing banks must repay principal and interest to investors. Second, if a GIC issuer declares bankruptcy, the Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation will cover up to $100,000 of your bank and registered GIC accounts (CDIC).

Your GICs are guarantee if they’re in Canadian dollars, have a length of less than five years, and were sold to you by a CDIC-member firm, which all big Canadian banks have. Credit unions may have a less lenient insurance payback policy than banks. Check the credit union’s insurance payback policy before opening an account or buying a GIC.

If a CDIC-insured GIC issuer declares bankruptcy, you’ll get your money back. GIC periods from 30 days to 10 years. Longer-term bonds have higher issuer interest rates. Like other fixed-income instruments, early withdrawals are penalised (i.e., before the maturity date).

Investors who need to use their money before their GICs mature can obtain cashable or redeemable GICs. Cashable GICs feature lower interest rates.

Types of GICs

Risk-taking investors exist from different types of GICs. Few do. Changing the interest rate can make GICs more tempting to various investors. Each GIC can be a short-term or long-term deposit and calculates interest differently. Let’s investigate the different types of GIC further in this topic.

Fixed-Rate GICs

Fixed-rate GICs have an interest rate that doesn’t vary. The issue is resolve. Interest is calculate when a fixed-rate GIC matures.

Types of GIC – Variable-Rate

Variable-rate GICs can enhance investors’ returns. It track a bank’s prime rate. When the bank’s prime rate rises, so does the GIC’s.

Step-Rate GICs

Step-rate GICs are dubbed “escalator” GICs since the interest rate is computed using steps. In a variable-rate GIC, the interest rate can change over time, but in a step-rate GIC, it always rises. It rises.

Adjustable-Rate GICs

Adjustable-Rate GICs give better interest rates to investors. This is another word for a variable-rate GIC. Same idea. A GIC with an adjustable rate depends on a bank’s prime rate.

Registered GICs

RRSPs, RDSPs, RESPs, and TFSAs hold registered GICs. Non-taxable GICs give a higher return. Registered products contain regulations concerning how investors can get their money back when they mature.

Market-Linked Types of GIC

Market-linked GICs are a hybrid investment associate to a stock market index that combines GIC and stock qualities. They offer the security of GICs and a better return dependent on a market index. So, the complicated variety of GIC investments may be subject to varied laws that affect an investor’s return.

Non-Registered GICs

Non-registered GICs aren’t in registered investments. These GICs may be tax, although not as much as registered investments. This makes withdrawing money from matured assets easier.

Foreign Exchange Types of GICs

Foreign exchange GICs are Canadian banks’ foreign currency GICs. Popular is a US$ GIC. Besides, tourists or investors who predict the Canadian dollar will fall might earn interest on foreign money with GICs, according to some. CDI now covers foreign exchange GICs (CDIC) (CDIC). Your money is protectable if a bank fails.

Escalating-rate GICs

Escalating GIC interest rates rise over time. Say you buy a 3-year mortgage. First year: 1.05 percent, second year: 1.20 percent, third year: 1.65 percent. Since the biggest rate of return occurs in the last year, these GICs discourage early withdrawals.

Like fixed-rate GICs, this type isn’t inflation-proof. GIC interest payments can vary. These payments can be made monthly, every six months, or once a year, or re-invested automatically.

Types of GIC Can Be Non-Redeemable, Redeemable, or Cashable

Non-redeemable, redeemable, and cashable GICs exist. GICs aren’t redeemable until specified. Investors can’t withdraw money from a GIC until the end of the investment period. Big promise.

Some investors prefer knowing they may withdraw early if needed. GICs can be cashed or returned. Cashable and redeemable GICs give investors emergency cash. GICs with enhanced security sometimes carry early redemption fees and cash-out rates. Despite being use interchangeably, cashable and redeemable are different.

It’s hard to remember the differences between the several types of GICs. Imagine instances where you’d choose one GIC over another to learn more about them. Consider when you’d select an overseas GIC over a domestic one. How is a variable-rate GIC different from a stepped-rate GIC? These questions can help you differentiate between GICs.

GICs vs High Interest Savings Accounts

We’ve compared GICs to bank accounts. What’s different from high-interest savings accounts? Both are consider low-risk, secure investments. As long as money is invest for the given time, they’re assure investments.

You know the terms and interest rate of a GIC. High-interest savings accounts make it easy to access that money. The higher transaction fees are aimed to discourage withdrawals. Check your bank’s minimum balance requirement. If you withdraw from a GIC early, you’ll pay costs.

Moreover, high-interest savings account interest rates could change based on the market and the Bank of Canada’s interest rate decisions. This guide discusses interest rates. The interest rate on a GIC is fix.

If you can commit to keeping the money invested for the stated term or if you require access to the cash, choose a GIC over a high-yield savings account (called liquidity) (called liquidity).


GICs are good for short-term fixed income investments. You need cash fast. Say you’re saving for a down payment, retiring, establishing a business, or expecting a child. This investment helps those who prioritise security over profits. Even if you’re retire person, you shouldn’t put too much of your wealth in different types of GIC. To dive deeper into types of ISA topic, read more about it in this extensive research paper.

Scroll to Top