Characteristics of Equity Shares

Characteristics of Equity Shares-Characteristics of Equity Shares Characteristics

The majority of firms are establish by their founders. However, the money of the promoters and bank loans may not be sufficient to run the business in the long run, especially if it expands and wants to grow. Let us understand the characteristics of equity shares in this topic.

Companies solicit public contributions and distribute stock to investors. Besides, “Population problem” raises funds from the general public. A public offering solicits the purchase of corporation stock by the general public.

Characteristics of Equity Shares

In contrast to preference shares, equity shares are frequently refer to as “ordinary shares.” Owners of a company are equity investors. They run the company. The characteristics of equity shares include the following:

Control Rights

Equity investors govern the corporation as owners. Besides, at corporate meetings, you can vote. The corporation is manage by a board of directors. However, stockholders make the decision. As a result, equity owners indirectly govern the corporation.

Claim on Income

Equity stockholders can continue to deduct business income. After preferred stockholders, they receive any remaining dividends. Moreover, the dividend rate on these shares is determine by the amount of money remaining after preference dividends.

If profits are minimal, they may receive no payout or a reduced dividend. Equity shares are sometimes known as variable income securities. Even if profits are sufficient after all commitments, including preference shareholders, stock owners cannot compel the firm to pay dividends.

The board of directors decides how much of a company’s income to distribute as dividends under the 1956 Companies Act. Even if stockholders do not get cash dividends from residual income, they will benefit from the company’s increased earning potential, which will result in dividend increases and capital gains.

Asset Recovery

This is the major characteristics of equity shares. The claim of equity owners on company assets is refer as residual. Preference shareholders are compensate first, following by equity stockholders. If the company fails, they stand to lose everything.

Rights of Pre-Emptive

Stockholders have the option to purchase something first. So, this protects their company. The right to purchase newly-listed firm shares is known as pre-emption.

According to Section 81 of the Companies Act of 1956, if a corporation wishes to raise funds by issuing new shares, it must do so in proportion to the number of shares each shareholder already possesses. A shareholder’s “pre-emption right” is represent by “right shares”. It makes it impossible for stockholders to withdraw funds.

Existing shareholders can retain ownership by purchasing new shares. Existing shareholders will be given first dibs on new offers based on the number of shares they own. When previously own shares are offer to others, they cost less.

Limited Liability

Shareholders can only lose their initial investment. If only half of the shares are payable for, the corporation must pay if it fails. Paid-off shares do not require payment. This gives people ownership without imposing too many responsibilities.

Durations of Shares

Equity shares give a corporation with long-term, non-repayable funding. The 1956 Companies Act prohibits corporations from purchasing their own stock.

When a corporation collapses, equity stockholders are repayable. Even in the event of liquidation, equity money is repaid once all other claims, including preferential shareholder rights, have been satisfied.

Business Expertise Rights

Shareholders have the right to receive an annual business report. Therefore, shareholders have the right to complain at the annual meeting. This is the primary characteristics of equity shares.

Shareholders face risks as a result of the memorandum and articles of organisation. Ultra vires signifies that the corporation violated its M&A agreement. The company’s contract with its shareholders is violated by ultra vires behaviour. The company’s stockholders may file a lawsuit to stop this.

Mobility of Shares

Long-term capital is represent through equity shares. It is worthless as long as the company is in operation. Shareholders can give their stock away. Clients who are dissatisfy with the service can sell their shares on the stock exchange for cash.


These were the characteristics of equity shares. Additionally you can also read functions of equity shares for more knowledge. The equities market in the stock market is frequently the most volatile. Small changes can have a big impact. Following the completion of a company’s other tasks, equity returns are distributed. When the market falls, a company’s production cycle suffers, reducing profits. Before returns on equity investments, a smaller part of profit is utilize to pay down debts. This is why declining markets have an impact on equity markets.

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