What are Outstanding Shares? Examples, Types, Differences

Outstanding Shares-What are Outstanding Shares-Examples of Outstanding Shares Formula-Types of Outstanding Shares-Stock Splits and Share Consolidation

Outstanding share are the stocks that a company’s shareholders can acquire, less the shares that have been repurchase-able. They are part of the liability-side owner’s equity of the company. Let us understand what are outstanding shares with examples their types and differences.

A corporation keeps a portion of its outstanding stock in treasury. This occurs when the company issues and repurchases stock. The total excludes “treasury shares.” Interest rates often decline or remain stable when treasury shares rise (and vice-versa).

What are Outstanding Shares?

The shareholders of a firm own the outstanding shares. Instead, restricted shares are own by institutional investors, corporate officers, and insiders. The balance sheet “Capital Stock” shows the number of outstanding share.

The share count of a corporation determines market capitalization, profits per share (EPS), and cash flow per share (CFPS). The number of remaining shares in a firm may change over time.

The number of shares issued by each corporation varies. When a company sells more stock or announces a stock split, the number of outstanding shares increases. A company’s stock price will fall if it buys back its own shares or performs a reverse split.

These shares are listed on the balance sheet. They are require for market capitalization, earnings per share, dividend distribution, and voting rights. To find out how many shares are still in circulation, we need to know how many were issued, how many were repurchased (“treasury shares”), and how many are held by the controlling partners (restricted shares).

Understanding Outstanding Shares

Outstanding shares, excluding treasury stock, are approved shares owned or purchased by a company’s shareholders. Stocks held by institutional investors, insiders, and corporate executives are included in “outstanding” stock.

A company’s outstanding stock can be affect by a variety of things. Adding more shares raises the total. When companies use equity financing, ESOs, or other financial methods, they issue shares. The number of outstanding stock is reduced when share are purchased back.

Outstanding Shares Formula

The number of outstanding shares of stock equals the number of issued shares less the number of treasury shares. It consists of the float plus unsellable shares.

A company may issue 1,000 shares. So, the company issues 600 “floating” shares to the general public, 200 “restricted” shares to staff, and 200 “treasury” shares to itself. There are 800 shares in circulation, with 200 held in treasury.

Example of Outstanding Shares

The best watch retailer is A. The corporation has issued 25,800 shares, granted 2,000 shares to each managing partner, and set aside 5,500 shares for itself. Alex requires the company’s market capitalization and earnings per share (EPS). How to calculate the number of remaining shares:

After removing treasury and restricted shares, there are 16,300 shares left. The stock is now trading at $35.65. The value of the company is $581,095 (16,300 shares x $35.65). Also, the company recently declared a net profit of $12,000. $12,500 divided by 16,300 represents a profit of $0.77 per share.

In two months, the firm will repurchase 1,000 shares. The share price is $36.88. As a result, the total inventory is 15,300. $564,264 equals 15300 multiply by 36.88. EPS=$12,500/$15,300 = 0.82. Every 1,000 shares sold boosts the company’s earnings per share by 6.54 percent.

Two Types of Outstanding Shares

Shares must be authorized, issued, and purchased by issuer shareholders before they can be sold on the secondary market. During annual meetings, shareholders have the opportunity to vote on the board of directors. Let us have a look at the offered shares.

Diluted Shares

The entire number of shares that shareholders can convert into ordinary shares is refer to as diluted shares (convertible bond, convertible preferred stock, employee stock options). So, you have the option to convert these shares to common stock. continuing

Basic Shares

Basic share represent the number of outstanding stocks. Whereas fully diluted shares include warrants, capital notes, and cash-convertible stock. The number of available shares is shown for fully diluted outstanding shares.

Warrants allow the bearer to purchase additional company stock. When warrants are convert into shares, the number of shares in circulation rises while the company’s holdings fall. 100 warrants are issue by XYZ. If all warrants are exercise, XYZ must sell 100 of its own shares.

Authorized Shares

Because a company can only issue approved shares, authorized shares can be far higher than outstanding shares. The maximum number of shares could be equal to or less than the maximum number of shares. A company may issue ten million shares in an IPO but only distribute nine million.

Stock Splits and Share Consolidation

A stock split increases the number of outstanding shares in a corporation. Although, reverse stock splits reduce the number of shares in circulation. Stock splits reduce the price of a company’s shares, allowing small investors to purchase them.

As the number of outstanding stocks increases, the stock becomes more liquid. To meet exchange listing requirements, a company reverse splits or consolidates its shares. In addition, short sellers may be less willing to constrain liquidity if borrowing shares for short sales becomes more difficult.

To attract new investors, a corporation may split its shares. A 2-for-1 stock split reduces the price by half while doubling the number of shares.

Share Repurchase Programs

When a company’s stock price is low, it may repurchase its own stock. The corporation may buy back or buyback some shares in order to increase the market value of the remaining shares and earnings per share.

Employee stock options or equity grants in the future will reduce the number of shareholders. Moreover, companies with a lot of cash may be able to buy back shares faster, reducing outstanding shares and improving earnings per share.

Outstanding Shares Vs. Treasury Shares

Outstanding and Treasury shares are include in the total number of issued shares. Treasury shares are own by the government and cannot be tradable on the open market.

Outstanding Shares Vs. Floating Shares

Floating stock provides a skewed picture of a company’s equity. It does not include insider or controlling shares. Officers, directors, and corporate foundations typically invest.

Outstanding Shares Vs. Authorized Shares

Authorized shares show how much a company can legally issue. Outstanding shares are distinct from authorized (or issued) shares. Outstanding shares have already been issue. Consider McDonald’s. Also, the authorized Common Shares amount to $3.5 billion. There are 1.66 billion shares in circulation.

As a result, the number of shares in circulation cannot exceed the limit. Companies offer more shares than they authorize. It’s both practical and effective. If all of the company’s permissible shares are distributed, further shares must be authorized. Once approve by the board and shareholders, a document must be organize. This is costly (legal fees and filing fees).

Having more authorised shares than needed allows a firm to issue them with little effort and usually just board approval. The Board of Directors (BOD) is an elected group that safeguards the interests of investors. The board’s role is to guarantee that the organization’s goals are met. Read.

Weighted Average Shares Vs. Outstanding Shares

Investors who want to develop high-performing portfolios must be familiar with weighted average shares and shares outstanding. These two computations depict the performance of a corporation through time.

Weighted Average Number of Shares

The weighted average of outstanding shares accounts for share variations over the course of a reporting period. It’s also refer as the WMOS. Long-term investors accumulate a stake in a company over time.

Because stock prices fluctuate on a regular basis, it is critical to track share prices over time. An investor must multiply the number of shares purchased at each price by that price, add the sum, and then divide by the total number of shares.

The weighted average is calculate by comparing each number’s average to its importance. Multiply the number of outstanding shares by the percentage of each reporting period. The number of outstanding shares is increase by the number of months.

Outstanding Shares

Shares that are still held by shareholders are refer as outstanding shares. It has both public and private shares. The number of outstanding shares changes when a firm issues new shares, buys back old ones, or converts employee options into shares.


All shareholders own a company’s “outstanding shares”. These include institutional investors’ big blocks of shares and insiders’ restricted shares. The number of remaining shares in a firm may change over time. Having knowledge about arbitrage funds is also inform and must be learn along with this topic.

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