What are Equity Shares? Benefits, Risks, Advantages, Disadvantages

Equity Share-What is Equity Share-How Do Equity Shares Work-History of Equity Shares-Benefits-Risk-Advantages-Disadvantages of Equity Shares Investing

Equity shares are a common sort of investment. Stock investors anticipate historically high gains. Simple things can make you money in the stock market. Purchase a good stock. High-quality stocks are uncommon. Basic stock understanding necessitates knowledge, competence, and a keen eye.

On the other hand, company ownership is represented through shares. Investors or partners provide starting capital. Growing enterprises require more capital. Also, the corporation can obtain funds via borrowing, partnering, or investing. To learn about REIT subject in greater detail, read this in-depth report.

What are Equity Shares?

A Stock is an Equity Share. In the hopes of future riches, an investor purchases a small ownership in a company. Although, a company’s stock is own by its shareholders. This gives you access to company profits and losses.

Shareholders have a say in corporate management thanks to voting rights. Dividends may be payable to a company’s shareholders. Moreover, dividends and bonuses are more likely to be paid by companies with greater assets and cash flow. You can also read different types of stocks to understand it better.

How Does Equity Shares Work?

Equity share prices are determine by supply and demand. A company’s stock price will fall if there are more sellers. Therefore, the price rises as more people acquire shares. People buy and sell stocks based on the prospects of a firm.

In addition, investors purchase a company’s stock if they believe it will do well. The stock market will soar. If they believe the company will fail, they will sell. The stock market will plummet.

Although, the market price of a share is determine by how many people desire to buy and sell it. Profit from stock by forecasting demand and supply.

History of Equity Shares

A Belgian town began employing equity shares in the 1400s. International merchants congregated in the city centre. They purchased non-perishables since they expected prices to climb. First, there was commerce.

The Dutch East India Company delivered gold, china, spices, and silks in 1611. Due to high transportation expenses, businesses sought funding. In exchange, they offered a percentage of the trip’s revenues.

As a result, the Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the world’s first. For many years, this exchange traded Dutch East India Company shares.

Benefits of Equity Shares Investing

Active investing wants quick profits. High-risk individuals who can keep an eye on the market will benefit. Additionally, the buy-and-hold philosophy underpins long-term passive investing. Long-term stock purchases are part of passive investing. Let us understand the benefits of equity shares investing in this topic.

Potential for Profit

When you buy stock, you can profit from both capital appreciation and dividends. Shares issue by a firm are traded on a stock exchange. The value of a stock is determine by supply and demand. If you buy a stock at a lower price and demand rises but supply remains constant, you may profit.

Assume you spend 100 INR on stock in a pharmaceutical business. Because most investors believe the pharmaceutical industry would grow, the stock price climbs to INR 150 after a year.

This might potentially treble your capital in a year. Dividends are payable to shareholders if the corporation pays them. Investing in dividend-paying companies may increase your monthly income.

Protection Against Inflation

The year 2010 cost 50 INR. 2020 will be more expensive. Because money loses purchasing power over time, we pay more for the same goods. This is refer as “inflation”. The inflation rate in India is 4%. By the end of the year, a 100 INR item will cost 104 INR. Alternatively, the item’s price will double in ten years. It is critical to invest in ways that outperform inflation.

Savings accounts may not always outperform inflation. Many investors chose stocks or other high-return investments so that they can continue to buy things. Bank fixed deposit rates ranged from 6% to 9%.

When you compare the yearly compound returns of market indexes such as the Nifty Bank Index and the Nifty FMCG Index; it is clear that stock investments can generate double-digit profits. Investing in stocks allows you to combat inflation and protect your wealth.

Diversification Across Assets

Investing is the purchase of money-making assets. Investing options include stocks, bonds, real estate, and commodities. So, these asset groups are classified according to risk, taxation, and possible reward.

The majority of Indians used to have bank fixed deposits. Also, this low-risk investment offers a guaranteed return. Another, if the central bank lowers interest rates, investment profits may suffer. Your returns may be lower if you only have fixed deposits.

It’s a good idea to diversify your holdings so that one doesn’t detract from your overall profits. Even if the interest rate on your fixed deposit falls while the value of your equities rises, you can still profit. Diversification. You may reduce risk and increase profits by diversifying your investments.

Risks of Equity Shares Investing

Stocks are not always profitable. Stock prices rise as companies do well and more investors purchase their shares. There is no certainty. Purchasing a stock could cost you everything.

Even if you don’t lose your entire investment, a business’s stock may never be worth what you bought for it, depending on how well the company performed or how the market perceived it. As an investor, you incur risks in order to become richer. The majority of stock risks are:

Capital Loss

The price of a stock is determine by supply and demand. If investors believe the company will succeed, they will purchase stock. As more people purchase the shares, the market price rises. The inverse is also a possibility.

Investors will sell a company’s stock if they believe it will lose money or close shortly. There will be more sellers than buyers in the stock. This implies that supply will outnumber demand, depressing the stock price. As a result, investing in stocks can result in a loss.

Assume you spend INR 10,000 on 100 ABC shares, each worth INR 100. A few months later, the government announces legal measures aimed at attracting investors. As demand grows, the price of shares approaches INR 150. You’d make INR 5,000 if you sold today.

On the other hand, if investors are concerned about the company’s future, demand may fall, causing the share price to fall to INR 75. Your stock is worth 2,500 INR. Stocks are subject to loss.


Volatility is a measure of how a stock’s price changes over time. If the market price of a share fluctuates by 100 to 200 INR per day, it is more volatile than a corporation whose price fluctuates by 140 to 160 INR per day. Stock prices can move quickly as a result of investor sentiment and social, political, and economic factors.

Purchase a stock at a low price so that you can profit even if it climbs somewhat. If the stock price changes a lot, buying shares at a high price could increase your earnings. The same is true for investors selling volatile equities.

There are methods for lowering investing risks. Besides, mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) give you access to hundreds or thousands of stocks and bonds, reducing many of the risks mentioned above. They don’t guarantee you won’t lose money, but buying single-company shares makes it less likely.

Advantages of Equity Shares to Investors

When the company requires funds, it can obtain a bank loan or issue bonds or debentures. Firms are not required to repay money borrowed to purchase stocks. Dividends are entirely voluntary. This helps you save money. Both equity and preference shares reflect corporate ownership, but they are not the same. Let’s look at the advantages of equity shares to investor ahead.

Voting rights

More shares equals more control over a company. Equity shares have voting rights. Moreover, shareholders have the right to vote on business decisions and corporate direction. Investors who own more stock have more negotiating power.

High Profits, Wealth Generation

Historically, equity shares have surpassed inflation. Equities CAGR over the last ten years was 17.60%, significantly greater than any other investment.

Limitations on Liability

Equity investors have few legal obligations beyond from investments, profits, and voting rights. Therefore, stockholders are not liable if the corporation has legal problems. Aside from investments, revenues, and voting, stockholders have little legal obligations.


On the stock exchange, investors can simply buy and sell shares. Although, shares of a floundering company can be easily bought and sold by investors. This facilitates stock trading for investors.

Disadvantages of Equity Shares 

Investors want to see their money grow. So, equity shares provide the best returns of any investment. Let’s look at the disadvantages of equity shares to investors.

Dividends are not a Priority

Profitable companies pay dividends. These profits cannot be claimed by stockholders. Moreover, bondholders receive dividends ahead of preference stockholders. The remainder is distributed to investors.

If a corporation is heavily in debt, bondholders receive a big portion of its earnings. So, this results in a small profit for equity shareholders.

Financial Dangers

Bondholders are not exposed to market risk. They’ll get interest regardless of the stock price. Returns on investments are not guaranteed. Instead, investors may have to sell their shares at a loss if the company under-performs. This increases the risk of stocks.


For investors, equity shares are an asset, not a means for making money. Before purchasing stock, learn about the company’s history and economics. This takes time and expertise of the financial markets. Before you begin, be sure you grasp the fundamentals and plan your investments accordingly.

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