Functions of Foreign Exchange Market

Functions of Foreign Exchange Market-Functions of Foreign Exchange Market Functions

The Foreign Exchange Market is where you can purchase and sell foreign currencies. Therefore, the foreign exchange market is where foreign currencies are bought and sold. Let us view the functions of foreign exchange market in this topic.

Money markets include the foreign exchange market. It’s a currency exchange market. The foreign exchange market is made up of people who buy and sell foreign currency claims as well as middlemen.


There are numerous merchants in foreign exchange. The most well-known are banks. Besides, several countries have large accounts with foreign exchange banks. These “Exchange Banks” have branches and correspondents all over the world.

These banks issue bank draughts and collect on them, as well as discount and sell international bills of exchange. Bill brokers, who sell and buy foreign banknotes, are examples of foreign currency traders. Middlemen, rather than direct merchants such as banks.

Another type of foreign exchange merchant is acceptance houses. By collecting invoices, they make international money transfers simple. Foreign exchange merchants include the central bank and the treasury. Both companies join the market.

These organizations keep track of currency rates and establish standards for their use. There is no currency market in India because the exchange rate is closely regulated.

Functions of Foreign Exchange Market

Also read objectives of foreign exchange market for additional knowledge. The FOREX market facilitates international trading. The functions of foreign exchange market at the following:

Function of Transfer

To fulfill payments, cash (foreign money) travels from country to country. It entails exchanging one currency for another in order to improve people’s purchasing power in another.

The foreign exchange market facilitates currency conversion and money transfer. Telegraphic transfers, bank draughts, and foreign bills all aid in the movement of purchasing power. To fulfil the transfer function, the foreign exchange market clears debts in both directions at the same time, similar to domestic clearings.

If an Indian exporter purchases items in the United States in dollars, online FOREX trading can convert rupees to dollars. Bank draughts, foreign exchange bills, and phone transfers are all used to make transfers.

Function of Crediting

The foreign exchange market offers funds for both domestic and international trade. Foreign bills of exchange used for foreign payments necessitate a three-month credit period till maturity.

FOREX provides importers with short-term loans to facilitate cross-border trade. Credit can be use by importers to make international purchases. By issuing a three-month bill of exchange on the currency market, an Indian business can purchase US machinery.

Function of Hedging

Currency issues are mitigated by the foreign exchange market. Currency market risk is reduce through hedging. Although, both sides may profit or lose in a free exchange market as the exchange rate swings. If a person or firm has a substantial number of net claims or net liabilities that must be settled in foreign currency, they are exposed to significant foreign exchange risk.

Reduce or eliminate currency risk. Besides, forward contracts in the exchange market protect against actual or anticipated claims or liabilities. Forward contracts involve the purchase or sale of foreign currency at a future date and price. Three months is standard.

During the contract, no money changes. The contract enables for changes in currency rates to be ignored. Exchange positions can be hedge using the forward market.

Foreign bills of exchange, telegraphic transfers, bank draughts, letters of credit, and other similar instruments are important foreign exchange instruments.

Third, a foreign exchange market safeguards against risks. Changes in exchange rates, or the value of one currency in relation to another, are critical for forex traders. Changes in the currency rate can cause you to make or lose money.

Forward contracts are available through online FOREX trading to hedge future or present claims or liabilities. Forward contracts are agreements to acquire or sell foreign currency at a certain price in 12 weeks. When you contract, the money residing in your account does not change.


It works in a variety of countries. Moreover, as global markets continue to become more intertwined and connected, businesses have the opportunity to aggressively manage their currency risk. The majority of significant currency dealers are banks. Exchange banks are transnational banks that exchange money and have branches in multiple countries. Hope you understood the functions of foreign exchange market from this topic.

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