Convertible Bonds – Meaning, Examples, Types and Advantages

Convertible Bond-Definition-Convertible Bond Meaning-Examples of Convertible Bond-How Does it Works-Types of Convertible Bond

The price of a convertible bond is very sensitive to changes in interest rates, the underlying stock’s value, and the issuer’s credit rating. The following are some definitions of what are convertible bonds along with examples, benefits, advantages and types of convertible bond.

Unsecured debt that can be exchange for a set number of shares of common stock or equity. It is both secure and earns interest. The bondholder can convert the bond into stock at any time throughout the bond’s term. There are different types of bonds in the market.

What are Convertible Bonds Meaning?

A convertible bond means a financial contract in which the holder can or must exchange it for equity. Convertible bonds, like regular bonds, have an expiration date and pay interest. In addition, if an investor does not convert their bonds into stock, they will receive their face value.

A bond, stock, or coupon is worth the amount specified on the certificate. It is a fixed amount that must be paid. When an investor converts bonds into stock, the bond loses all debt characteristics and obtains just equity characteristics.

Bonds with low credit ratings but great growth potential are widely available. The bonds are more malleable than regular bonds. Convertible bonds may be more tempting to investors who expect stock prices to rise in the future.

How Does Convertible Bonds Works?

Convertible bonds are a versatile technique to raise funds. A convertible bond is a type of hybrid instrument that allows investors to own both the bond and the underlying stock. The conversion ratio of the bond indicates how many equity shares one bond can purchase. One bond equals five shares of common stock at a 5:1 ratio.

Corporate bonds and preferred stock, for example, can be converted into common stock. The conversion ratio determines the conversion price of a convertible security. The bond indenture or securities prospectus states it (in the case of convertible preferred shares).

Examples of a Convertible Bond

Consider a $1,000 bond that can be exchange into Company MRT common stock. The coupon pays a 6% yearly interest rate. According to the prospectus, if the investor agrees to convert the bond, he will receive shares. MRT has a 20:1 conversion ratio convertible bond in this scenario. Stock MRT is worth $50 per share ($1,000 divide by 20 shares = $50).

The bond’s owner maintains it for two years and earns $60 in interest. He decides to convert his bond into stock at the end of the second year. The current share price is $75. The bondholder changes his bond into 20 $75 shares. This means that his $1,500 investment is now worth more than he paid for it.

They value it because it allows bondholders to participate in the growth of the underlying instrument. When evaluating convertible bonds, it is important to examine more than just the conversion rate. Convertible bonds, which are typically issue with a coupon, are price base on market rates and the issuer’s creditworthiness.

Another Convertible Bonds Example

Let’s say ABC issued a $1,000 convertible bond with a 4% interest rate. The 10-year bond can be exchange for 100 shares.

When the bond matures, it will return $1,000 + $40 in interest. Nonetheless, the stock increases to $11 per share. Each share of stock is worth $1,100. This is greater than the bond’s face value. The bond can be convert into 100 shares of stock for $1,100.

Convertible bond arbitrage is the practice of profiting on the price difference between a convertible bond and the stock that backs it.

Advantages of Convertible Bonds

Let us look into benefits, advantages of convertible bonds further in this topic.

Delaying Stock Dilution

If a corporation does not want to dilute its stock shares in the near or medium term, convertible bond financing is preferable to equity financing. Stockholders in the current firm maintain voting rights and may benefit from future stock price gains.

Convertible bonds provide several advantages over traditional debt or equity financing. Among the benefits are:

Lower Interest Rates

Convertible bonds attract lower interest rates than traditional bonds. Corporations that issue debt can cut interest payments and save money.

Tax Assistance

Convertible bond interest is tax deductible, providing the issuer with a tax advantage not available with equity financing.

Types of Convertible Bonds

These types of bonds are a perplexing financial instrument. However, insurers typically refer to the following types of convertible bonds:

Reversible Convertibles

The issuer of reverse convertible bonds can either buy the bond back for cash or convert it into shares at a specified price and rate.

Vanilla Convertible Bonds

The most popular type of convertible bond. Investors can also convert their bonds into shares at a predetermined price and rate at the end of the period. Vanilla bonds make periodic coupon payments and have a fixed maturity date at which investors receive their face value.

Desired Convertibles

At maturity, holders of mandatory convertible bonds must convert their bonds into shares. Most bonds have two cash out values. The starting price is the price at which an investor receives the number of shares equal to the par value. It tells an investor how much more money they can get.


When a company needs to borrow money, it may use a function that transforms bonds into cash. If the loan is transfer to another currency, the corporation may be able to obtain a better interest rate or terms. Convertibility offers investors a constant source of interest income as well as the opportunity to profit from future stock price gains. This article defines convertible bonds meaning, describes how they work, benefits, types and gives examples of convertible bond. Many people are not aware that perpetual bond are also one from many types.

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